The collection of icon paintings of the XVI century is varied and includes monuments of the early XVI century created under the influence of the Rostov school traditions of the Northeastern Russia as well as a number of works related to the Moscow school traditions of the times of Ivan the Terrible and created by the leading masters upon requests from the tsar family. The prominent place in the collection belongs to the monuments of regional centers (the Lands of Vologda, Russian North, Nizhny Novgorod) which acquired their own distinctive style of painting exactly in the XVI century.